Screen printing is one of the businesses included in the field of graphic design. To Get Printed Screen Printing to your liking, it is important to know and apply the correct steps / steps
STAGES IN CONCERNING
1. Pre-Print Stages, included in this stage are:
Examples of clothing design
This process is related to your idea or idea embodied in an imaging process so that your idea / idea eventually has a concrete form (usually called design / artwork).
Suppose you have an idea of a monkey image that is eating bananas and you want to add a funny dialogue spoken by the monkey. At that moment, the picture is only in your mind / imagination and has not had a concrete form of imaging.
Well your next task is to realize the picture into a concrete form, how? There are some techniques, for example: with photography (taking photo monkeys who are eating bananas), with hand drawings, and so forth.
In essence, the design process turns your ideas into concrete forms, which can be seen by everyone (except the blind and shortsighted), and the ultimate goal for the rakblon process is for your design to be processed into Film / Cliche Sablon.
Film Making / Cliche Sablon
Now that you have the design ready to print, the next step is to process it into Film / Cliche Sablon.
Stencil Process / Afdruk
Once you have a Movie / Clipboard Sablon, then it’s time to move the image / image printed on the screen printing film to the screen, through what is called the afdruk process.
Prepare Your Work Desk
This is very important before you start the printing process, so when you are printing it will not be disturbed by other activities, for example suddenly the ink you use runs out, or you forget to provide a place for drying newly printed media, and so forth.
2. Stages when Print
When printing what you need to pay attention to is the use of the correct rake sweep technique. Because the print task is actually very simple ie moving the ink to the desired media through the filter cloth / screen.
Also, study the properties of the printing ink you are using, because not every ink has the same characteristics. The parameters you may need to know are: the ink speed to dry, usually this is a constraint because ink that dries too fast on the screen will inhibit the printing process, you need to reload the pores of filter cloth that has been clogged by the dried ink , Because if not then the print can not be formed perfectly.
Note: one of the advantages of plastisol ink used in t-shirts that this type of ink will not dry, even if you leave it on the screen for long periods of time, as this type of ink requires curing to dry it.
3. Post-Print Stages
There are three things you can do after you finish printing:
Each printing ink needs time to dry completely, even if you hold the ink and the surface you feel has dried, not necessarily the ink has dried perfectly, therefore it is important to recognize the characteristics of the printing ink that you are using. For this process you can do this by going through a natural process (drying – just aerated) or with the help of a machine (fan, blower, etc.).
This process requires special tools to be able to dry certain ink types. Such as plastisol inks that need to be heated in a very hot temperature (about 143 – 166 0 C), usually by conveyer or flash heater. For Rubber Ink / GL / Rubber, it also requires curing process, using hot press machine which can be set hot temperature (about 110 – 130 0 C).
Many screen printing practitioners often ignore or not perform this process in the right way, resulting in poor print quality. When the prints are cracked, faded, faded, etc., there may be something wrong with the drying or curing stage you are doing.
There are certain types of inks that require treatment like this, basically this process burns / roasting the ink so as to achieve the perfect drying point.